An mHealth intervention to prevent postnatal smoking relapse: The RESPREMO study protocol
Marina Dascal 1, 2
Andreea Rusu 1, 2  
Alexandra Onisor 1, 2
Oana Blaga 1, 2
Cristian Meghea 1, 2, 4
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Center for Health Policy and Public Health, College of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Department of Public Health, College of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj- Napoca, Romania
College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, United States
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, United States
Andreea Rusu   

Center for Health Policy and Public Health, College of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences, Babes-Bolyai University, 7 Pandurilor Street, Cluj-Napoca, 400376, Romania
Publication date: 2020-04-14
Submission date: 2020-01-06
Final revision date: 2020-02-28
Acceptance date: 2020-03-03
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2020;6(April):24
Up to 70% of women who quit smoking relapse after birth, usually within 3 months postpartum. The wide adoption of mobile technologies, especially smartphones, in recent years in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) offers the possibility of low-cost, novel, and innovative mobile phone-based interventions for smoking relapse prevention. This study presents the protocol of the RESPREMO clinical trial for postnatal smoking relapse prevention for enrolled women, who recently gave birth and quit tobacco smoking before or during pregnancy, and their life partners. This work relies on data collected in two of the largest government-owned obstetrics and gynecology clinics in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Seventy-five couples were randomized into one of three groups: a) 24 couples were allocated to the first intervention group and asked to install and use the xSmoker app; b) 26 couples were randomized to the second intervention group, who, in addition to the use of the xSmoker app, received text messages with content focused on motivation, problem solving, and dyadic efficacy; and c) 25 couples were randomized into a control group. Several measures of engagement with the xSmoker app were assessed, including duration of app use, the frequency of utilizing the tool to calculate savings from quitting, number of app-delivered challenges accepted by users, and number of app-delivered cessation and abstinence tips. If effective, RESPREMO is expected to have a sustainable impact on the prevention of postnatal relapse tobacco smoking with positive effects for both the mother and the newborn. The implications are beyond tobacco control, and relevant to the design and implementation of other mHealth behavioral interventions focused on the pregnancy and reproductive years in general.
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
This work was supported by a grant of the Ministry of Research and Innovation, CNCS-UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0632, within PNCDI III.
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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