Clinical, sociodemographic and tobacco-use factors associated with smoking cessation rates at three years followup, Ankara, Turkey
Bilgen Esmer 1
Funda Aksu 2
Adem Özkara 1
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Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Sıhhiye, Ankara, Turkey
Ankara Atatürk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey
Kurtulus Aksu   

Department of Chest Diseases, Health Sciences University Atatürk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Keçiören, Ankara, Turkey
Publication date: 2019-12-02
Submission date: 2019-07-28
Final revision date: 2019-11-05
Acceptance date: 2019-11-07
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2019;5(December):47
Smoking is a well-known major cause of early preventable mortality and morbidity. Maintenance of smoke-free status is important after a smoking cessation attempt. The present study aims to compare the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of subjects participating in a smoking-cessation program, according to the duration of smoking cessation.

A study was conducted in 261 smokers who had attended a smoking cessation clinic in a tertiary hospital, in Ankara, Turkey. The smoking status of the subjects at three years follow-up after participating in the smoking-cessation program was assessed. Sociodemographic, employment, environmental, smokingrelated, health and clinical characteristics of subjects were compared according to the smoking cessation duration.

Marital status, having a child, absence of household smoking and lower levels of nicotine dependence were significantly higher in quitters, and anxiety was lower. Parameters that significantly differed between subjects that were and were not abstinent for >36 months were marital status (p<0.001), childbearing status (p=0.007), household smoking (p<0.001), age of smoking initiation (p=0.02), psychiatric illness history (p=0.01), and number of follow-up visits (p<0.001). The number of follow-up visits at the smoking cessation clinic was an important factor of quitting and maintenance of quit status.

Family and home environment as well as smoking-related and mental health characteristics influenced maintenance of long-term smoking cessation. Characteristics such as sociodemographic, clinical and smoking-related conditions should be considered in smoking cessation interventions. Personalized treatment strategies and follow-up visits at the smoking cessation clinic should be planned for maintenance of smoking cessation.

The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
There was no source of funding for this research.
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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