CONFERENCE PROCEEDING
Degree of adoption of WHO FCTC tobacco control measures in Portugal
 
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Portuguese Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Portugal
Publish date: 2019-03-26
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2019;5(Supplement):A106
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ABSTRACT
Introduction:
In 2017, in Portugal, tobacco use accounted for 11,869 deaths and 313,944 disability-adjusted life years. In 2015, the prevalence of tobacco use was 24.9% in men and 12.7% in women. In Portugal, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) was approved in 2005 through Decree No. 25-A / 2005. The aim of the study is to identify the degree of adoption of the tobacco control measures recommended by the WHO FCTC, from 2007 to 2018, in Portugal.

Methods:
The identification of tobacco control measures, specifically tobacco supply and demand reduction measures, adopted by Portugal within the WHO FCTC was carried out through a documentary analysis of the Portuguese legislation, from 2007 to 2018, using Official Journal (Diário da República) database. The degree of adoption of each tobacco control measure was coded as 0 (not adopted), 0.5 (partially adopted) and 1 (fully adopted). The sum of the scores obtained for each tobacco control measure is the score of the degree of adoption of tobacco control measures recommended by WHO FCTC, which could vary between 0 and 11.

Results:
In Portugal, although WHO FCTC was approved in 2005, it was only implemented in 2007 through Law 37/2007, which was updated in 2015 and 2017. The score of the degree of adoption of tobacco control measures obtained was eight.

Conclusions:
To date, the WHO FCTC has played a key role in the adoption, nationally and globally, of tobacco control measures, whose effectiveness in reducing the prevalence of tobacco use is well established. Although Portugal has already adopted tobacco control measures recommended by WHO FCTC, the score obtained reflects that the country has room to strengthen and improve WHO FCTC implementation.

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