Research paper
 
CC-BY-NC 4.0
 
 

Dental Practitioners and Smoking Cessation in Ireland

Sheila Keogan 1  ,  
Annette Burns 2,  
Kate Babineau 1,  
 
1
TobaccoFree Research Institute, Ireland
2
Royal College of Surgeons of England, United Kingdom
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2015;1(October):5
Publish date: 2015-10-19
Submission date: 2015-07-08
Final revision date: 2015-09-08
Acceptance date: 2015-09-21
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
 
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
Smoking is the most preventable cause of premature death. As the Irish government works towards their stated goal of a ‘tobacco free society’ in 2025, treatment of smokers must be expanded and improved. Purpose: To examine smoking prevalence, training, and awareness of smoking cessation treatment among dentists in Ireland.

Methods:
In 2013, 289 dentists from the Irish Dental Association completed an online survey on personal tobacco use, training, and awareness of smoking cessation treatments and services.

Results:
Of the final sample, 9% were current smokers, 7% reported receiving formal training in smoking cessation, and 5.6% refer their patients to specialist cessation services. Over 65% of dentists surveyed felt they did not have adequate training in smoking cessation

Conclusions:
Smoking prevalence is low among dentists in Ireland. Most recognized the need to provide adequate smoking cessation support and advice to patients but felt under-trained to do so. Most were not aware of existing referral pathways to specialist smoking cessation services and, thus, referral rates were low.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Sheila Keogan   
TobaccoFree Research Institute Ireland, Focas Research Institute, D.I.T Kevin Street, D8 Dublin, Ireland
 
REFERENCES:
1. Jha P, Peto R. Global effects of smoking, of quitting, and of taxing tobacco. The New England journal of medicine. 2014;370(1):60-8. doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1308383.
2. Mathers CD, Loncar D. Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLoS Med. 2006;3(11):e442. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030442.
3. HSE. Paul Hickey, David S., Smoking Prevalence in Ireland. Synopsis of key Patterns, 2013.
4. Currie LM, Blackman K, Clancy L, Levy DT. The effect of tobacco control policies on smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths in Ireland using the IrelandSS simulation model. Tobacco control. 2013;22(e1):e25-32. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2011-050248.
5. Salize HJ, Merkel S, Reinhard I, Twardella D, Mann K, Brenner H. Cost-effective Primary Care–Based Strategies to Improve Smoking Cessation: More Value for Money. Archives of internal medicine. 2009;169(3):230-5. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2008.556.
6. Treating tobacco use and dependence: 2008 update U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline executive summary. Respiratory care. 2008;53(9):1217-22. PMID: 18807274.
  Pubmed
7. Raw M, McNEILL A, West R. Smoking Cessation Guidelines for Health Professionals—A guide to effective smoking cessation interventions for the health care system. Thorax. 1998;53(suppl 5):S1-S18. doi: 10.1136/thorax.55.12.987.
8. Currie LM, Keogan S, Campbell P, Gunning M, Kabir Z, Clancy L. An evaluation of the range and availability of intensive smoking cessation services in Ireland. Ir J Med Sci. 2010;179(1):77-83. doi: 10.1007/s11845-009-0368-7.
9. Kabir Z, Ward B, Clancy L. Attitudes, training and smoking profile of European Respiratory Society members. The European respiratory journal. 2011;38(1):225-7. doi: 10.1183/09031936.00185410.
10. OhAiseadha C, Killeen M, Howell F, Saunders J. An audit of smoking prevalence and awareness of HSE smoking cessation services among HSE staff. Irish medical journal. 2014;107(4):115-6. PMID: 24834585.
  Pubmed
11. Danesh D, Paskett ED, Ferketich AK. Disparities in receipt of advice to quit smoking from health care providers: 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Preventing chronic disease. 2014;11:E131. doi: 10.5888/pcd11.140053.
12. Jannat-Khah DP, McNeely J, Pereyra MR, Parish C, Pollack HA, Ostroff J, et al. Dentists' self-perceived role in offering tobacco cessation services: results from a nationally representative survey, United States, 2010-2011. Preventing chronic disease. 2014;11:E196. doi: 10.5888/pcd11.140186.
eISSN:2459-3087