CONFERENCE PROCEEDING
Factors related to smoking of youth in Bulgaria and tracked consequences of their behavior
 
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1
Smoke Free Life Coalition, Sofia, Bulgaria
 
2
Medical University - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
 
 
Publication date: 2022-07-05
 
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2022;8(Supplement):A106
 
ABSTRACT
Background:
A cross-sectional survey has been conducted via online query in December 2020. The total number of the respondents was 644. A third (33.4%) were non-smokers, 45.7% current smokers and 21.0% ex-smokers. For this analysis ex-smokers are excluded.

Objective:
The aim is to assess the factors related to smoking among youth.

Methods:
Descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression, and Pearson chisquared test were used.

Results:
Age and gender are not amongst the significant factors of being a smoker but the self-perceived wealth is. Smoking in the close circle of young people (their homes and workplaces) is also proved as a significant factor of smoking. Significantly more smokers think that due to their behavior they have more social interactions whilst more non-smokers think theirs are less. Significantly more smokers confess that their own wealth is slightly worsening due to smoking and more non-smokers think their own wealth is slightly improved. Significantly more smokers agree that their general health is worsening because of smoking and more non-smokers think that their health is strengthened. Just a small number of both groups approved smoking of youth, pregnant women and in front of children, but there is a significant difference in the degree of approval of both groups, more non-smokers completely disagree with such a behavior whilst more smokers disagree just partially. The estimates of smoking prevalence amongst youth corresponds to the one measured by a national representative survey in the same age group.

Conclusions:
Wealth is significant factor of being smoker amongst youth in Bulgaria. Measures of tobacco tax incentive would probably have a great impact on smoking prevalence of young people.

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