RESEARCH PAPER
Knowledge of secondhand smoke and behaviour towards its exposure among teachers in Mauritius
 
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1
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Réduit, Mauritius
2
Faculté de Médecine, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marie Chan Sun   

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Réduit, 80837, Mauritius
Publication date: 2020-05-27
Submission date: 2020-01-07
Final revision date: 2020-04-17
Acceptance date: 2020-04-21
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2020;6(May):32
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
A literature review has revealed an absence of studies investigating the knowledge and behaviour of teachers towards secondhand smoke (SHS). This study was thus designed with the following objectives: 1) Assess the knowledge of SHS among primary school teachers, 2) Determine their behaviour towards SHS, and 3) Identify any relationship between knowledge and behaviour of participants.

Methods:
A national cross-sectional study was conducted among a representative sample from 28 primary schools in all four educational zones of Mauritius in 2017. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from primary school teachers. Data analysis was performed on 389 questionnaires.

Results:
The mean knowledge score was found to be 28.9 (SD=4.8), which is just above the threshold score (>27) for good knowledge. Less than two-thirds of the participants (63.2%) were in the ‘good knowledge’ category. The mean behaviour score was found to be 26.6 (SD=6.8), which is situated in the range for ‘satisfactory behaviour’ in terms of avoiding SHS. Pearson correlation testing revealed a significant association between knowledge of SHS and behaviour towards exposure to SHS.

Conclusions:
This study showed that nearly two-thirds of teachers had good knowledge of the health dangers of SHS and applied this knowledge in their behaviour by keeping away from cigarette smoke.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The authors thank the teachers for their participation as well as the Ministry of Education and Human Resources, Tertiary Education and Scientific Research and Service Diocésain de l’Education Catholique for their authorization to access the public and private schools, respectively.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
There was no source of funding for this research.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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