Research paper
Re-analysing tobacco industry funded research on the effect of plain packaging on minors in Australia: Same data but different results
 
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1
OxyRomandie, Geneva, Switzerland
2
Sigma3 Services, Sàrl, Nyon, Switzerland
Publish date: 2017-11-16
Submission date: 2017-06-23
Final revision date: 2017-10-10
Acceptance date: 2017-10-11
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2017;3(November):130
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
Our objective was to re-analyse the data used in an industry-funded working paper to study the effect of plain packaging on youth smoking prevalence in Australia, allowing for other tobacco control measures introduced over the period 2001-2013, and using a more appropriate method of analysis.

Methods:
Monthly smoking prevalence and sample sizes from repeat cross-sectional surveys were reconstructed from the working paper by reverse engineering of the industry-presented data, and analysed as a time series using logistic regression. Power analysis presented in the industry-funded working paper was re-calculated.

Results:
Smoking prevalence among minors in Australia declined from 11.6% to 5.6% over the 13-year period examined; an overall 52% relative reduction or an average annual reduction of 5.5% (95% confidence interval 4.6% to 6.4%). There was a 12.1% (-4.8% to 26.2%) relative reduction in smoking prevalence when plain packaging was introduced, though the reduction was not statistically significant. Re-calculated power values were much lower than those reported in the industry-funded paper, confirming the inconclusiveness of its findings, as pointed out in previous critiques.

Conclusions:
Our findings suggest a decline of smoking prevalence in minors following the introduction of plain packaging in Australia. They differ substantially from those presented in an industry-funded study on the effects of plain packaging on smoking prevalence in minors in Australia, which used the same data.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Pascal A. Diethelm   
OxyRomandie 2, rue de la Fontaine, CH-1204 Geneva, Switzerland
 
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