RESEARCH PAPER
Removal of point-of-sale tobacco displays in Bogor city, Indonesia: A spatial analysis
 
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1
No Tobacco Community, Bogor, Indonesia
2
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Siliwangi, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia
3
Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
4
Centre for Health Economics & Policy Innovation, Imperial College Business School, London, United Kingdom
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Dian Kusuma   

Centre for Health Economics & Policy Innovation, Imperial College Business School, South Kensington Campus, London, SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom
Publication date: 2020-04-06
Submission date: 2019-12-10
Final revision date: 2020-02-15
Acceptance date: 2020-02-17
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2020;6(April):22
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Indonesia contributes over 61 million smokers to global tobacco users, and the smoking prevalence is increasing among young people. In October 2017, Bogor city started the ban on tobacco displays at point-of-sale (POS), starting with modern cigarette retailers. This study aims to assess compliance with the ban and the visibility of POS with tobacco displays around educational facilities.

Methods:
We included 266 modern retailers surveyed throughout the city during November and December 2017. Compliance indicators included no tobacco product displays, advertisements, promotions, and sponsorship. We conducted spatial and quantitative analyses in ArcMap 10.6 and Stata 15.1, respectively.

Results:
Immediately following the ban, the compliance with all four criteria was high (83%). However, POS in areas with higher population density and poverty rates had significantly lower compliance. We also found that the ban reduced the visibility of tobacco displays around schools and universities.

Conclusions:
Compliance with the ban was high, which helped to reduce the visibility of tobacco displays around educational facilities.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
This research was funded by the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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