Smoking and quitting smoking during pregnancy: A qualitative exploration of the socio-cultural context for the development of a couple-based smoking cessation intervention in Romania
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Department of Public Health, College of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj- Napoca, Romania
Center for Health Policy and Public Health, College of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj- Napoca, Romania
Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA
Oana Maria Blaga   

Department of Public Health, College of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences, Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj- Napoca, 7 Pandurilor Street, 400376, Romania
Publish date: 2018-03-13
Submission date: 2017-09-12
Final revision date: 2018-02-01
Acceptance date: 2018-03-02
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2018;4(March):9
Smoking during pregnancy has negative effects on the mother and the unborn infant. Barriers to and facilitators of smoking cessation during pregnancy are context-dependent and multifaceted. This qualitative research explored pregnant women’s experiences with smoking and cessation in Romania, and informed the development of a couple-focused smoking cessation intervention.

Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted via telephone, with 15 pregnant women who smoked during pregnancy or had quit smoking upon learning about the pregnancy or shortly before. A hybrid inductive-deductive approach to thematic analysis was used, to identify patterns in the data and explore women’s narratives, in relation to smoking and smoking cessation.

Three main themes emerged from the data, which shaped the socio-cultural adaptation of the intervention to the local context: 1) Access to and mixed messages from the healthcare system that describe an inconsistent discourse from the healthcare system regarding smoking during pregnancy with some physicians not emphasizing the need for cessation, 2) Cessation as individual or team effort with variations in partner dynamics and difficulty in quitting that have important roles in perceptions about team efforts, and 3) Transition to motherhood and motivation to quit for the health of the pregnancy and infant, although in isolated cases women felt less connected with the pregnancy and such motivators.

Pregnant women in Romania face systemic, interpersonal, and individuallevel barriers that can be responsively integrated in smoking cessation interventions, by culturally adapting them to the local context.

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