CONFERENCE PROCEEDING
The Evaluation of the Smoking Cessation Strategies Related to Quit Results across Ubon Ratchathani Region
 
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1
College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
2
Health Promoting Unit, Sanpasitthiprasong Military-Based Hospital, Thailand
3
Faculty of Nursing, Phayao University, Muang, Phayao, Thailand
4
Faculty of Management Technology, Rajamangala University of Technology Isan-Surin, Thailand
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Anun Chaikoolvatana   

College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand, Department of Pharmacy, Ubon Ratchathani University, 34190 Warinchumrab, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Publish date: 2017-05-25
Submission date: 2017-05-09
Acceptance date: 2017-05-09
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2017;3(May Supplement):44
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Smoking cessation services the in Ubon Ratchathani region of Thailand has been established since 2010. Our aim was to evaluate the current smoking cessation strategies related to cessation results among smokers living in the Ubon Ratchathani region.

Material and Methods:
It is a quasi-experimental, cross-sectional study. All conscripts training at the Sanpasithiprasong Military Base were divided into either mouthwash or ‘going cold turkey’ groups. Patient data was collected at 1st visit, 2nd visit (3-month), and 3rd visit (6-month). Carbon-monoxide (CO) levels were also measured via CO meter. For demographic information, descriptive statistics including, percentage, frequency, mean, standard deviation (SD) were used. Regarding quit results and CO levels between groups at 1-, 3-, and 6-month periods, chi-square test and mixed effects linear regression were implemented. The relation between variables and quit results was analyzed via multiple logistic regression via enter.

Results:
Totally there were 1,094 participants, 953 were in ‘going cold turkey’ group, the other 141 were in mouthwash group. Most participants were married, alcohol drinkers, and smoked cigarettes between 10 and 15 rolls a day. It revealed there were no statistically significant differences of quit results between groups at 3- and 6-month periods (p=.418, .525 respectively). Average CO levels at 6-month periods of the mouthwash group was significantly lower than those in the ‘going cold turkey’ group by 1.79 ppm (95% CI: -3.14, -0.44, p = .009). Only two variables including, numbers of cigarettes and CO levels were significantly related to the quit results at 6-month periods (p <.05).

Conclusions:
Overall both mouthwash and ‘going cold turkey’ strategies were shown to be effective for smoking cessation. Carbon monoxide (CO) levels were significantly different between groups only at 6-month periods (p<.05). Only numbers of cigarette rolls and CO levels were significantly related to the quit results (p =.001).

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