Tobacco use among adolescents in Qatar: Findings from Global Youth Tobacco Surveys 2004–2013
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Community Medicine Residency Program, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Quality Management Department, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Community Medicine Residency Program, Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Mohamad El Zoghbi   

Mohamad El Zoghbi. Quality Management Department Primary Health Care Corporation, PO Box 26555, Doha, Qatar
Publish date: 2019-03-13
Submission date: 2018-10-12
Final revision date: 2019-02-01
Acceptance date: 2019-02-28
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2019;5(March):10
TTobacco use has become a global health concern. Almost a third of the adolescents of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) have reported tobacco use and the percentage is expected to rise in the future, making tobacco consumption a main public health issue among students, 13–15 years old, in the region’s countries. We aimed to conduct an analysis of the previous Global Youth Tobacco Surveys (GYTS) in Qatar to detect any significant changes that might inform decision makers on planning policies and interventions accordingly.

This study presents a retrospective data analysis, based on three GYTS conducted in Qatar during 2004, 2007, and 2013. All analyses were weighted to account for the complex survey design and for differential non-response at school, class and student levels, with the exception of the analysis of sociodemographic characteristics. The differences between the proportions were tested by Pearson’s chi-squared test. Data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences), version 21.0 (Chicago, IL). A p-value <0.05 was considered to be significant.

There was an overall increase in the prevalence of smoking, the accessibility, and the availability of cigarettes. Additionally, the percentage of participants who desired to stop smoking decreased between 2004 and 2013, while that of students who reported ‘exposure to free tobacco promotion’ was highest in 2013.

Despite the effort made by the local authorities in Qatar to reverse the spread or limit the growing tobacco epidemic, there is a need for multidisciplinary interventions through tobacco prevention and control programs targeting youths.

The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
There was no source of funding for this research.
Drafting of the work was by AAD. MEZ prepared the methodology section, performed the statistical analysis and wrote the results section. AAD, MAHC and SN contributed to the introduction, and to the interpretation and discussion of the findings. NAAS supervised all aspects of the manuscript. All authors participated in editing and correcting the final manuscript. All aspects of the final manuscript were approved by all authors.
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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