Research paper
Visited a vape shop? Prevalence and correlates from a national sample of U.S. young adults
 
More details
Hide details
1
Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies, Truth Initiative, Washington, DC, USA
2
Department of Oncology, Cancer Control and Prevention Program, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
3
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
4
Department of Evaluation Science and Research, Truth Initiative, Washington, DC, USA
Publish date: 2016-10-04
Submission date: 2016-02-23
Final revision date: 2016-06-16
Acceptance date: 2016-09-13
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2016;2(Supplement):4
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
The increasing popularity of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) has brought with it the emergence of “vape shops,” retail outlets designed for the sale of ENDS, nicotine fluid, and accessories. To understand user characteristics of this rapidly-growing retail environment, this study examined the prevalence and correlates of having ever visited a vape shop among U.S. young adults.

Methods:
Data were drawn from Wave 7 (weighted n = 3,542) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort, a national sample of individuals aged 18 to 34 (October 2014). Multivariable logistic analysis examined odds of ever visiting a vape shop as a function of demographics, tobacco use, and substance use.

Results:
Results showed that 11% of young adults had ever visited a vape shop. Significant bivariate relationships existed between all tobacco products and other substance use and vape shop visiting. Significant correlates of ever visiting a vape shop in multivariable analyses were: past 30-day use of cigarettes, past 30-day or ever use of an e-cigarette or hookah, past 30-day use of marijuana or other drugs, younger age (18-24 vs 25-34), Hispanic and other race (vs White race), and limited financial means.

Conclusions:
Young adult vape shop ever visitors share common characteristics with tobacco, other drug and ENDS users and likely reflect an underlying propensity to engage in risk behaviors. Future research should determine reasons why young adults visit vape shops and the potential impact of vape shop visits and purchases on ENDS use and trajectories of use of other tobacco products.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Shyanika W. Rose   
Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Truth Initiative, 900 G St. NW, 20001 Washington, DC, United States
 
REFERENCES (32):
1. Department of Health and Human Services, Food and Drug Adminstration, : Deeming Tobacco Products To Be Subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, as Amended by the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act; Restrictions on the Sale and Distribution of Tobacco Products and Required Warning Statements for Tobacco Products, Final Rule. Federal Register 2016,81(90):20974-9106.
2. Lee YO, Kim AE: 'Vape shops' and 'E-Cigarette lounges' open across the USA to promote ENDS. Tob Control 2014 doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051437.
3. Herzog B, Gerberi J, Scott A. Equity Research: Tobacco: Vape Shops -- Springing Up Across the Country. In: Wells Fargo Securities L, ed., April 14, 2014.
4. Herzog B, Scott A. Equity Research: Nielson: Tobacco 'All Channel' Data. In: Wells Fargo Securities L, ed., August 18, 2015.
5. Welch W. Vaporizers, e-cigs of the pot world, are booming. USA Today 2014 March 17, 2014.
6. Morean ME, Kong G, Camenga DR, Cavallo DA, Krishnan-Sarin S: High School Students' Use of Electronic Cigarettes to Vaporize Cannabis. Pediatrics 2015 doi: 10.1542/peds.2015-1727.
7. Delnevo CD, Giovenco DP, Steinberg MB, et al.: Patterns of Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults in the United States. Nicotine Tob Res 2015 doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntv237.
8. McMillen RC, Gottlieb MA, Shaefer RM, Winickoff JP, Klein JD: Trends in Electronic Cigarette Use Among U.S. Adults: Use is Increasing in Both Smokers and Nonsmokers. Nicotine Tob Res 2014 doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu213.
9. King BA, Patel R, Nguyen KH, Dube SR: Trends in awareness and use of electronic cigarettes among US adults, 2010-2013. Nicotine Tob Res 2015,17(2):219-27 doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu191.
10. Cohn A, Villanti A, Richardson A, et al.: The association between alcohol, marijuana use, and new and emerging tobacco products in a young adult population. Addict Behav 2015,48:79-88 doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.02.005.
11. Saddleson ML, Kozlowski LT, Giovino GA, et al.: Risky behaviors, e-cigarette use and susceptibility of use among college students. Drug Alcohol Depend 2015,149:25-30 doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.01.001.
12. Vanyukov MM, Tarter RE, Kirisci L, Kirillova GP, Maher BS, Clark DB: Liability to substance use disorders: 1. Common mechanisms and manifestations. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2003,27(6):507-15.
13. Vanyukov MM, Tarter RE, Kirillova GP, et al.: Common liability to addiction and "gateway hypothesis": theoretical, empirical and evolutionary perspective. Drug Alcohol Depend 2012,123 Suppl 1:S3-17 doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.12.018.
14. Sutfin EL, McCoy TP, Morrell HE, Hoeppner BB, Wolfson M: Electronic cigarette use by college students. Drug Alcohol Depend 2013,131(3):214-21 doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.05.001.
15. Lechner WV, Tackett AP, Grant DM, Tahirkheli NN, Driskill LM, Wagener TL: Effects of duration of electronic cigarette use. Nicotine Tob Res 2015,17(2):180-5 doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntu061.
16. Tackett AP, Lechner WV, Meier E, et al.: Biochemically verified smoking cessation and vaping beliefs among vape store customers. Addiction 2015 doi: 10.1111/add.12878.
17. Rath JM, Villanti AC, Abrams DB, Vallone DM: Patterns of tobacco use and dual use in US young adults: the missing link between youth prevention and adult cessation. J Environ Public Health 2012,2012:679134 doi: 10.1155/2012/679134.
18. Chang L, Krosnick JA: National surveys via RDD telephone interviewing versus the internet comparing sample representativeness and response quality. Public Opinion Quarterly 2009,73(4):641-78.
19. Yeager DS, Krosnick JA, Chang L, et al.: Comparing the accuracy of RDD telephone surveys and internet surveys conducted with probability and non-probability samples. Public Opinion Quarterly 2011:nfr020.
20. Rhodes DJ, Radecki Breitkopf C, Ziegenfuss JY, Jenkins SM, Vachon CM: Awareness of breast density and its impact on breast cancer detection and risk. J Clin Oncol 2015,33(10):1143-50 doi: 10.1200/JCO.2014.57.0325.
21. Grande D, Mitra N, Shah A, Wan F, Asch DA: Public preferences about secondary uses of electronic health information. JAMA Intern Med 2013,173(19):1798-806 doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.9166.
22. Kumar S, Quinn SC, Kim KH, Daniel LH, Freimuth VS: The impact of workplace policies and other social factors on self-reported influenza-like illness incidence during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. Am J Public Health 2012,102(1):134-40 doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300307.
23. Fowler FJ, Jr., Gerstein BS, Barry MJ: How patient centered are medical decisions?: Results of a national survey. JAMA Intern Med 2013,173(13):1215-21 doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6172.
24. American Association for Public Opinion Research. Standard definitions: Final dispositions of case codes and outcome rates for surveys. In: AAPOR, ed. 8th edition ed, 2015.
25. Hetrick J. Happy Hookah offers an alternative with vaping products. Reading Eagle 2015 September 13, 2015.
26. Niaura RS, Glynn TJ, Abrams DB: Youth experimentation with e-cigarettes: another interpretation of the data. JAMA 2014,312(6):641-2 doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.6894.
27. Polosa R, Caponnetto P, Cibella F, Le-Houezec J: Quit and smoking reduction rates in vape shop consumers: a prospective 12-month survey. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2015,12(4):3428-38 doi: 10.3390/ijerph120403428.
28. Mincer J. In the rise of U.S. vape shops, owners eye new marijuana market. Routers 2015 Jul 29, 2015.
29. Arrazola RA, Singh T, Corey CG, et al.: Tobacco use among middle and high school students - United States, 2011-2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2015,64(14):381-5.
30. Delnevo CD. The changing epidemiology of youth tobacco use. Paper presented at the Northeast Regional Epidemiology Conference. New Brunswick, NJ, 2015.
31. Kim AE, Loomis B, Rhodes B, Eggers ME, Liedtke C, Porter L: Identifying e-cigarette vape stores: description of an online search methodology. Tob Control 2015 doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2015-052270.
32. Sussman S, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Garcia R, et al.: Commentary: Forces That Drive the Vape Shop Industry and Implications for the Health Professions. Eval Health Prof 2015 doi: 10.1177/0163278715586295.
eISSN:2459-3087