RESEARCH PAPER
Willingness-to-try various tobacco cessation methods among US adult cigarette smokers
Chineme Enyioha 1, 2  
,  
Clare Meernik 1, 3
,  
Leah Ranney 1, 3
,  
Adam O. Goldstein 1, 3
,  
 
 
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1
Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, United States
2
The Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, United States
3
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, United States
4
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, United States
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Chineme Enyioha   

Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina, 590 Manning Drive, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United States
Publish date: 2019-05-14
Submission date: 2019-01-15
Final revision date: 2019-04-12
Acceptance date: 2019-04-15
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2019;5(May):18
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Long-term smoking cessation success rates without substantive intervention remain low. Some studies suggest an association between sociodemographic factors and tobacco cessation success. We explored US adult tobacco cigarette users’ willingness-to-try diverse tobacco cessation methods by sociodemographics and tobacco use habits.

Methods:
We electronically surveyed a convenience sample of 562 US adults to explore willingness-to-try various cessation methods among those who reported current tobacco cigarette use. Participants rated their willingness-to-try different cessation methods. Logistic regression models examined associations between willingness-to-try tobacco cessation methods based on sociodemographic and tobacco use characteristics.

Results:
Non-Whites were more likely to report willingness-to-try counseling (RR=1.32, 95% CI: 1.14–1.52) and those with high school education or less were less likely to report willingness-to-try counseling (RR=0.78, 95% CI: 0.64– 0.95). Those with lower income were less likely to report willingness-to-try any medication (RR=0.84, 95% CI: 0.73–0.98) and any counseling (RR=0.82, 95% CI: 0.67–0.99). High nicotine dependence was associated with a high likelihood of reporting willingness-to-try any evidence-based method (RR=1.07, 95% CI: 1.04–1.10) and a history of quit attempts was associated with likelihood to report willingness-to-try any evidence-based method (RR=1.31, 95% CI: 1.10–1.56).

Conclusions:
Sociodemographics and nicotine dependence may affect preferences for tobacco cessation methods and should be considered when counseling patients on tobacco cessation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
T. Crutchfield is acknowledged for her assistance as the project manager.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
A.O. Goldstein reports other from Pfizer Advisory Board, outside the submitted work. The rest of the authors have also completed and submitted an ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
This work was supported in part by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill University Cancer Research Fund at the Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and UNC Primary Care Research Fellowship.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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