Determinants of smoking cessation and abstinence in a Russian smoking-cessation center
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Russian Сancer Research Center of N. N. Blochin, Moscow, Russia
Vladimir Levshin   

Russian Сancer Research Center of N. N. Blochin., Kashirskoye shosse 24, 115478 Moscow, Russia
Publication date: 2017-09-18
Submission date: 2017-02-06
Final revision date: 2017-07-07
Acceptance date: 2017-08-23
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2017;3(September):124
Smoking prevalence in Russia is one of the highest in the world. It leads to significant damage to the National Health Service. The purpose of the present research was to assess the effectiveness of a qualified smoking-cessation (SC) center in Moscow, and to identify the main determinants of smoking cessation.

The subjects of this study were a cohort of smokers (n=524) who had attended the SC service in Moscow between 2012-2015. They were followed, for at least 6 months after receiving the professional counselling in smoking cessation, to assess the results of the assistance and to identify determinants of successful smoking cessation.

Of the smokers, 19% succeeded in reducing by more than half the number of smoked cigarettes, more than 46% of patients completely stopped smoking for different terms: 38% for more than a month and 24% for more than half a year. Odds ratios (ORs) indicated that the probability of successful smoking cessation significantly increased if there was a previous success in smoking cessation: OR 3.71 (95% CI 1.70-8.12); and if there was a high level of motivation to stop smoking OR 4.3 (95% CI 1.92-5.61). The probability of successful smoking cessation decreased with intensity of smoking > 10 cigarettes a day: OR 0.57 (95% CI 0.31-1.02); and an elevated (>7 points) Fagerström-test score OR 0.64 (95% CI 0.37-1.07).

Degree of motivation and willingness to quit smoking were the principal determinants of the effectiveness in the attempt to quit smoking within our study cohort.

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