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The intention of smoking cessation in cancer patients

Marios Zontanos 1  ,  
 
1
Oncology Unit, 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, "Sotiria" General Hospital, University of Athens, Greece
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2017;3(May Supplement):74
Publish date: 2017-05-25
Submission date: 2017-04-28
Acceptance date: 2017-05-02
KEYWORDS:
 
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
The continuation of smoking in cancer patients further enhances disease progression. The aim of our study is to relate the intention to quit smoking with demographic and psychological characteristics of the patient.

Material and Methods:
80 patients with solid organ cancer, were included in the study. They were monitored for the disease in oncology departments independent of the time of diagnosis, stage and type. A self-report questionnaire including a demographic information sheet, a rating scale of intention to quit smoking, a scale for assessing the degree of smoking dependence and the STAI anxiety questionnaire were used.

Results:
56.3 % of the sample were male. 68.8 % were married, while 78.4% were parents. 93.8% were smokers in the past, while 53% continue smoking after cancer diagnosis and 31.3% smoke 20 cigarettes per day. Above 50% of the smokers are worried about the dangers of smoking.

Conclusions:
The role of personality, the level of education and the degree of smoking dependence, influences the smoker’s intention to quit smoking. Regardless of the severity of the diagnosis and the risks of a disease such as cancer, the patient's attitude is affected by their educational level and the level of trait anxiety.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Marios Zontanos   
Oncology Unit, 3rd Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, "Sotiria" General Hospital, University of Athens, Sofokleous 4-6, 15126 Athens, Greece
eISSN:2459-3087