Factors related to smoking of youth in Bulgaria and tracked consequences of their behavior
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Smoke Free Life Coalition, Sofia, Bulgaria
Medical University - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
Publication date: 2022-07-05
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2022;8(Supplement):A106
A cross-sectional survey has been conducted via online query in December 2020. The total number of the respondents was 644. A third (33.4%) were non-smokers, 45.7% current smokers and 21.0% ex-smokers. For this analysis ex-smokers are excluded.

The aim is to assess the factors related to smoking among youth.

Descriptive statistics, binary logistic regression, and Pearson chisquared test were used.

Age and gender are not amongst the significant factors of being a smoker but the self-perceived wealth is. Smoking in the close circle of young people (their homes and workplaces) is also proved as a significant factor of smoking. Significantly more smokers think that due to their behavior they have more social interactions whilst more non-smokers think theirs are less. Significantly more smokers confess that their own wealth is slightly worsening due to smoking and more non-smokers think their own wealth is slightly improved. Significantly more smokers agree that their general health is worsening because of smoking and more non-smokers think that their health is strengthened. Just a small number of both groups approved smoking of youth, pregnant women and in front of children, but there is a significant difference in the degree of approval of both groups, more non-smokers completely disagree with such a behavior whilst more smokers disagree just partially. The estimates of smoking prevalence amongst youth corresponds to the one measured by a national representative survey in the same age group.

Wealth is significant factor of being smoker amongst youth in Bulgaria. Measures of tobacco tax incentive would probably have a great impact on smoking prevalence of young people.

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