New Tobacco Control Policy in the Kyrgyzstan
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Kyrgyz Republic Ministry of Health, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Republican Center for Health Protection and Communication, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Public Health Protection Foundation, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Publication date: 2022-07-05
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2022;8(Supplement):A90
The Kyrgyz Republic (KR) ratified the WHO FCTC on 2 March 2006, and the 1st National Tobacco Control Law (TCLaw) was adopted on 21 August 2006. However, it did not regulate tobacco smoking by waterpipes and heated tobacco (HT), use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), smokeless tobacco products, and nicotine-containing smokeless non-tobacco products. Thus, 15 years of experience of implementation of the 1st TCLaw did not reduce the prevalence of tobacco use, and it became the basis for the development of new redaction of the TCLaw. The Law of the KR ‘On protection of the health of citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic from the consequences of tobacco, nicotine consumption and impact of ambient tobacco smoke and aerosol’ (NewTCL) was adopted by 15 September 2021. NewTCL includes the following components: implementation of WHO FCTC Article 5.3 measure into national legislation, comprehensive indoor smoking ban, comprehensive TAPS ban, including tobacco products display ban; smokeless tobacco and tobaccoless nicotine products ban; waterpipe smoking, HT and ENDS regulation; increased size of pictorial pack warning and implementation of PHW for HT and ENDS; increased measures for countrywide tobacco use prevention and cessation, also treatment service; increased measures for countrywide anti-tobacco education, communication, training and public awareness; scientific research, surveillance and exchange of information; availability of participation of the NGOs into countrywide anti-tobacco education, communication, training and public awareness; HT and ENDS producer and importer annual reporting; moving towards economically viable business alternatives. New TCLaw passing was made possible due to: mobilization of civil society, creation of a support group made up of decision makers, strong international supports, and maintaining the continuity of the process without interruptions etc.
The Ministry of Health of the KR and the Public Health Protection Foundation is grateful to Campaign Tobacco Free Kids and Bloomberg Philanthropies for their support for promotion of adoption of New TCLaw.
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