Motivation to stop using tobacco products among Polish youth: Results of the PolNicoYouth survey
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Division of Public Health and Social Medicine, Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences with the Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
Publication date: 2022-07-05
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2022;8(Supplement):A107
The use of tobacco products is a significant public health problem, especially among adolescents and young adults.

The aim of the study was to analyze the motivation to stop using tobacco products in the last 12 months among Polish youth.

The cross-sectional study was carried out in 2020 on a sample of secondary school students aged 15–18 years (N=16712), representative of the Polish population, using the CAWI method. In order to estimate the relationship between the independent variables and the outcome variables, the Bayesian multivariate logistic regression was used in the R program using the brms library.

It was observed that a very significant relationship [ln(BF)<2.3] with the respondents attempts to quit smoking traditional cigarettes was the use of these products by their parents [ln(BF)=3.23]. Adolescents whose parents smoke traditional cigarettes more often reported attempts to quit smoking the same products in the last 12 months. In the case of the respondents’ attempts to quit e-cigarette use, a very significant relationship was observed only with the type of user (e-cigarette user, dual user) [ln(BF)=23.26]. Attempts to quit the addiction were more often declared by e-cigarette users than by dual users. Moreover, dual users more often than e-cigarette users declared that they do not want to and do not intend to stop using e-cigarettes [ln(BF)=5.55]. In the case of smoking traditional cigarettes, no such differences were observed.

Motivating people to stop using tobacco products and getting support in this process is especially important among young users for whom continued use of these products has significant health consequences. It seems that special attention in this aspect should be paid to dual users. Moreover, it seems that it is worth considering building dedicated programs of help in giving up addiction dedicated to young people.