Maternal smoking during pregnancy in Greece
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Department of Midwifery, TEI, Athens, Greece
Department of Critical Care and Pulmonary Services, University of Athens Medical School, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece
Midwifery clinic of General Hospital of Athens Alexandra, Greece
Department of Nursing, Cyprus University of Technology
General maternity district hospital, Helena Venizelou, Athens, Greece
Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care, Medical School of the National and Kapodistrian University, Athens, Greece
Publication date: 2018-06-13
Corresponding author
Athina Diamanti   

Department of Midwifery, TEI, Athens, Greece
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2018;4(Supplement):A138
Maternal smoking is responsible for a number of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Even among women who do quit smoking, many will continue to be exposed to second hand smoke.

Aim: The smoking status of pregnant women. Their knowledge and the way they were informed about the risks of smoking.

The research was conducted between May and November 2016 in a public Maternity hospital in Athens, Greece. A structured questionnaire was filled in by 195 pregnant women.

24,6% of pregnant women reported that they continued to smoke during pregnancy. 58.5 % of pregnant women had been smokers before their pregnancy. 82,8% reported that they had thought about quitting smoking and 71,1 % of them had tried to quit. 50% of them failed quitting. There was no statistically significant difference (p=0.727) in the mean Fagerstrom score between those women who have tried to quit smoking (2±1.91) and those who have not (1.81±2.07) 72.6% of pregnant smokers reported that they were not adequately supported from their partner and family in their attempt to quit smoking. 67,2% of pregnant smokers smoke the majority of their cigarettes in public places and only 11.8% reported also smoking at home. 41% reported that the main source of passive smoking exposure was at public places like restaurant and cafeterias. Finally 92,6% reported having been informed about the risks of active and passive smoking during pregnancy. The main source of information however was reported to be the internet, instead of the health care professionals.

Despite the fact that most women eventually chose to quit smoking during pregnancy, a significant percentage continued to smoke because they had not been helped or informed properly. Smoking cessation programs and clinics with specially trained staff should therefore be introduced to maternity hospitals in Greece.

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Pediatrics International
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