The Innovation and Use of Vernonia cinerea Jelly Candies for Smoking Cessation, Ubon Ratchathani Region, Thailand
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College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Faculty of Nursing, Phayao University, Thailand
Fort Sunpasithiprasong Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Rajamangala University of Technology, Surin, Thailand
College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Dental Health Department , Fort Inkayuttaborihan Hospital, Pattani, Thailand
Submission date: 2017-05-09
Acceptance date: 2017-05-09
Publication date: 2017-05-25
Corresponding author
Anun Chaikoolvatana   

College of Medicine and Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand, Department of Pharmacy, Ubon Ratchathani University, 34190 Warinchumrab, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2017;3(May Supplement):46
The study aims to help develop a method for a smoker to quit cigarettes easy and effectively.

Material and Methods:
It is a quasi-experimental study. There were totally 50 conscripts enrolled in the study. Each group had 20 subjects. Study (VC) subjects took 5 to 8 pieces of VC jelly candies, whereas those in the control group went ‘cold turkey’ for 6-month periods. Continuous abstinence rate (CAR), CO levels, nicotine withdrawal levels, side effects, and VC jelly candy satisfaction were investigated via questionnaire items. Both descriptive and analytical statistics were implemented.

VC group had a longer smoking duration compared to the control group.There was no statistical significance of CAR at different periods between groups (p>.05). Additionally, the differences of CO levels between groups were significantly decreased by 1.89 ppm (95% CI; 0.06, 3.74) at 2-month periods (p<.05). For nicotine withdrawal levels, VC jelly candies could possibly better cope with nicotine withdrawal symptoms in VC group than those in the control group. Some common side effects of VC were found including, dry mouth and throat, headache, and insomnia. Those taking VC jelly candies revealed they were overall satisfied with its taste and convenience. Finally, the finding revealed only VC jelly candies and numbers of cigarettes (per day) had been significantly related to smoking cessation behavior (p= .003, .021, consecutively).

VC jelly candies were investigated to be an alternative for smoking cessation. The overall results both efficacy and toxicity were favorable. Further evaluations of its long-tern side effects as well as efficacy would be addressed.

Thai Health Foundation

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