CONFERENCE PROCEEDING
Characterizing smoking, cessation behaviours and attitudes toward tobacco control policies among smokers of menthol and flavored cigarettes: the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Surveys
 
More details
Hide details
1
Health Promotion Foundation (HPF), Warsaw, Poland
2
Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute - Oncology Center, Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
4
European Observatory of Health Inequalities, President Stanisław Wojciechowski State University of Applied Sciences, Kalisz, Poland
5
UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, London, United Kingdom
6
Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
7
Cancer Prevention Unit and WHO Collaborating Centre for Tobacco Control, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany
8
Department of Psychology & School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo (UW), Waterloo, Canada
9
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Canada
10
Smoking or Health Hungarian Foundation (SHHF), Budapest, Hungary
11
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo (UW), Waterloo, Canada
12
University of Athens (UoA), Athens, Greece
13
University of Medicine and Pharmacy ‘Grigore T. Popa’, Iasi, Romania
14
Aer Pur Romania, Bucharest, Romania
15
Tobacco Control Unit, Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), and Cancer Control and Prevention Group, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL), L’Hospitalet, Catalonia, Spain
16
School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
17
National Addiction Centre, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom
18
Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands
19
European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention (ENSP), Brussels, Belgium
20
University of Crete (UoC), Heraklion, Greece
Publish date: 2019-03-26
 
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2019;5(Supplement):A11
KEYWORDS
Download abstract book (PDF)

ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Since May 2020, the ban on production and sale of menthol and other flavored cigarettes will come into force in the European Union countries. Then millions of cigarette smokers can quit smoking or switch to other tobacco products, both conventional and novel.

Study aim:
To assess the prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, cessation behaviors and attitudes of menthol and other flavored cigarette smokers towards tobacco control policies and programs.

Material and Methods:
Cross-sectional data were collected in 2016 among 10,760 adult current smokers from 8 European countries (EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe Project). Smokers of menthol, other flavoured, unflavored tobacco, or no usual brand were compared on smoking prevalence, socio-demographic characteristics, tobacco dependence, motivation to quit, self-efficacy, prior cessation behaviours, and attitudes towards tobacco control measures. The univariate data analysis adjusted to few confounding factors was made with the use of SPSS Complex Samples Package.

Results:
Study results shows that around 7% of adults in all 8 analyzed European countries smoke menthol cigarettes and around 3% other flavored cigarettes. However, prevalence of menthol smoking substantially varies between countries (0.4% in Spain to 12.4% in England). Compared to other groups, menthol cigarette smokers are younger, more likely to be female, better educated, had higher household income, and smoked fewer cigarettes. In comparison to smokers of unflavored cigarettes, smokers of menthol and other flavoured cigarettes are less likely to smoke daily, tend to be less dependent and have higher quitting self-efficacy. In comparison to all other smokers, menthol smokers are less likely to support a ban on sale of flavored tobacco products, including menthol cigarettes. After enforcement of the ban, around a fifth of all menthol and flavored cigarette smokers intends to switch to another brand, and a third to reduce the amount they smoked or to quit smoking.

eISSN:2459-3087