Implementation of Tobacco Control Policy in Russia. Where are we after 3 years?
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Federal State Institution National Research Center for Preventive Medicine, Moscow, Russia
Submission date: 2017-04-20
Acceptance date: 2017-04-20
Publication date: 2017-05-25
Corresponding author
Marine H. Gambaryan   

Federal State Institution National Research Center for Preventive Medicine, bld. 10, Petroverigskiy lane, 101990 Moscow, Russia
Tob. Prev. Cessation 2017;3(May Supplement):96
Since 01.06.2013 Russia is implementing the new Tobacco Control (TC) Policy, one of the most comprehensive ones in the Europe. The study aims to demonstrate the advancements and challenges in the 3 years of TC law implementation.

Material and Methods:
Combined results of different evaluation studies, including MPOWER assessment were analysed.

Total smoke-free policies are enforced in public places, with high compliance in educational institutions, restaurants/bars and lower compliance in workplaces and health institutions. Results show 100% compliance with the ban on direct tobacco advertising, 70% compliance with indirect bans on tobacco promotion and lower compliance with partial ban on indirect promotion. 9 out of 10 points of sale comply with tobacco products display ban at sale points. 95% of packs comply with the packaging and labelling requirements. Excise taxes on tobacco products grow annually, however cigarette prices grow much slower. The number of prevention service units, providing smoking cessation has grown from 503 to 3065 in three years. TC is an issue in curriculum of all educational institutions, under national and regional IEC strategies. These developments reflect in drop of sales of tobacco products and smoking prevalence. Drop in sales of tobacco products was 6%p in 2014 compared to 2013 and 6.2-9%p in 2015 compared to 2014; 5.3%p in 2016 compared to 2015 as measured by Nielsen and Russian official statistics. Smoking prevalence rates have dropped by 24.3% from 2009 to 2015 as measured by the Russian Public Opinion Research Centre.

The results will contribute to further strengthening of TC legislation in Russia.

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